Callistemon citrinuscrimson bottlebrush
Medium sized, evergreen shrub, to 8-10 ft tall, with handsome, narrow leaves that are lemony when crushed and crimson-red, “bottlebrush" flowers in June and July. A hummingbird's friend. This Australian native makes a great border shrub or small, specimen tree in full sun and well-drained soil. Drought tolerant as well once established! Can also tolerate a bit of frost. Evergreen to 18F, or so, upper USDA Zone 8, and root hardy, resprouting from the base in colder temperatures.
Myrtaceae $12 4D
Plant Catalog for Mail Order: Fall 2013
Callistemon citrinuscrimson bottlebrush
Callistemon pityoides 'Kosciuszko Princess'alpine bottlebrush
A particularly frost hardy callistemon collected on the upper slopes of Australia's Mt. Kosciuszko, this small bottlebrush, to 3-6 ft tall, has finely textured, long and narrow, evergreen leaves and pale yellow, “bottlebrush” flowers in late spring and early summer. Best in full sun to part shade with summer water, though quite drought tolerant once established. One of the hardiest of the genus, performing well to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Myrtaceae $15 4D
Another of the spectacular, hardy bottlebrushes from Australia, this upright, stiff shrub, to 3-9 ft tall x 4-8 ft wide, has narrow evergreen leaves and 2" long spikes of deep red, "bottlebrush" flowers in summer. Gorgeous in bloom; a hummingbird heaven, indeed! Best in full sun and well-drained soil. Enjoys moderate summer water though tolerates short periods of drought once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Myrtaceae $12 4in
Yet another very hardy bottlebrush, this from southeastern Australia, found growing along creek beds and tolerant of both wet and dry conditions. This fountain-like shrub with fine-textured, narrow leaves can be pruned to maintain a dense structure or allowed to grow to its expected height of 6 ft or so. This form has tight chartreuse, 'bottlebrush" flowers in spring, often repeated in summer. Best in sun to dappled shade. Frost hardy to upper USDA zone 7.
Myrtaceae $12 2in
Callistemon viridiflorusmountain bottlebrush
Small and compact evergreen bottlebrush, to 5 ft tall x 6 ft wide, this from cuttings of a specimen in Oregon's Willamette Valley. Arching branches carry small, glossy leaves and, in mid summer, soft, greenish yellow, "bottlebrush" flowers. Best in a hot, sunny position, well-drained with occasional summer water. Easily frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, and very likely into zone 7 in optimum conditions.
Myrtaceae $12 3D
Camellia 'Debutante Benton'
Camellia 'Debutante', a close relative, is a slow growing shrub, to 6-8 ft tall though taller with great age, with the typical green, glossy leaves of C. japonica and, in spring, large, pink, peony-like flowers. The Japanese cultivar 'Debutante Benton', brought to us by Lance Reiners, is a variegated form, adding the interest of slightly ruffle-edged leaves decorated with a central golden marking or blotch. Evergreen, of course, and happy in dappled shade or morning sun with summer water and fertilizer. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Theaceae $16 4D
A much sought-after and hard to find camellia, this sweet and rather demure, Chinese form, is grown not only for its beloved, pink-blushed buds that open to 1” long, bell flowers, but also for the, small, leaves that emerge bronzed and darken to glossy green. May reach 6 ft in time with a graceful weeping habit. Morning sun would be best with summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Theaceae $16 2D
Camellia japonica 'Brushfields Yellow'
Compact, upright camellia from the famed Brushfield Nursery, to 6-8 ft tall and wide, with cream to pale yellow, semi-double flowers in abundance in late winter to early spring. This selection remains one of our favorites with its pyramidal shade and flowers that create a lovely contrast against dark green foliage. We have pale yellow hellebores planted at the base of our specimen to take the color to ground level. Full sun in all but the hottest places to dappled shade with decent drainage. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Theaceae $18 4D
Camellia japonica 'Flirtation'
A delicious camellia propagated by cuttings from a southeast Portland garden once the property of a camellia collector and now owned by well-known Portlanders, John & Capriel Pence. To 8-10 ft tall as a large shrub or lifted to tree shape, these flower in late winter to early spring, the single flowers both clear and vibrant light pink. Best in part sun with regular summer water at least until well-established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Theaceae $16 3D
Camellia japonica 'Silver Waves'
It's the lovely flowers that set this winter blooming camellia apart -- large, semi-double flowers of the whitest white with wavy-edged petals and generous yellow stamens -- a standout against the dark green, typical C. japonica foliage. An upright and slow-growing shrub that can reach 10-12 ft tall x 3-8 ft wide in time. Evergreen, of course, and enjoying part shade in rich, acid soil that drains well. Mulch as winter protection for shallow roots and water regularly in the summer. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Theaceae $18 4D
Camellia lutchuensisfragrant camellia
A special tea camellia, dainty in all its parts. The flowers are particularly wonderful; with the sweetest fragrance of any camellia, they are single and white emerging from pink buds as 1-1.5" flared blossoms with the faintest hints of pink. The evergreen leaves, too, are smaller than C. japonica, though still shiny dark green. Plants reach to 6 ft tall or a bit more x 3-4 ft wide in acid soil, protected from the hottest sun and provided regular summer water. Fully frost hardy to 18 to 20F, USDA zone 8b, protection should be provided when temperatures drop below 15 to 18F. A fine container plant.
Theaceae $16 3D
Camellia sasanqua 'Setsugekka'
Somewhat more diminutive than some, this white flowered cultivar with a statuesque presence and slightly weeping habit is easily espaliered or kept in a container as the growth is medium and the plant is easily kept to 4 ft. Can also reach to 8 ft tall x 4 ft wide. The flowers, white and semi-double centered with bright golden stamens, often emerge in late October, continuing through midwinter, standing out against the dense and shining, dark green foliage. One of the best "impress your relatives from Iowa" specimens -- a sight to behold blooming by the front door on New Year's Day. Part sun to dappled shade with regular summer water is best. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8 or above.
Theaceae $14 3D
Camellia sinensis 'Blushing Maiden'
blushing maiden tea camellia
A pink flowered, dark foliaged form of true tea camellia, sometimes found as C. sinensis 'Rosea'. And, yes, tea can be made from the leaf tips. This Chinese selection is daintier than the species with spicy-scented, pink flowers appearing in autumn to brighten those fall cleanup days. To 4 ft tall, eventually 5 ft x 4 ft wide. A handsome shrub for part shade with regular summer water. Frost hardy to at least 0F, USDA zone 7.
Theaceae $15 4in
Carex buchananiileatherleaf sedge
Ever-brown sedge for any garden situation with somewhat stiff, upright blades of reddish, bronzy brown, forming clumps to 1 ft wide. Especially nice when backlit. Fine in full sun or part shade where soil is well-drained and summer moisture is plentiful. Can be divided in spring and should be allowed to reseed to renew the supply. Frost hardy -10F, USDA zone 6.
Cyperaceae $9 2D
Carex mertensiimerten's sedge
Western native sedge, found growing in moist to wet areas from Alaska to California and east to Montana. Bright green leaves form clumps to 15-20" tall, topped in summer with graceful, dangling clusters of overlapping flowers on tall stems. Does well in sun where moisture is plentiful, along waterways and even in boggy ground. Frost hardy to -40F, USDA zone 3.
Cyperaceae $9 4D
tataki grass, mutton bird sedge
Evergreen, New Zealand sedge, native to cold, coastal areas and forming dense, upright clumps, to 3 ft tall x 2 ft wide, the broad, green leaves providing cover for shore birds and suggesting the common name, muttonbird sedge. Flowers are brown, appearing in summer. Happy in half to full shade, these can also take full sun if kept cool and well watered. Tough and said to be deer resistant. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Cyperaceae $9 3D
Cassinia leptophylla ssp. vauvilliersii UCSC 1985.139
Erica-like, evergreen shrub from New Zealand, to 4-5 ft tall x 3 ft wide, with erect, slender branches, the leaves tomentose (reflective, greenish above and a beautiful gold to cream wool on the undersides) creating great contrast and form in the garden. Fine textured at a distance; a wonderful foil for broader leaved plants such as hebes or flax in sun and well-drained soil with summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, and possibly upper zone 7.
Asteraceae $12 4D
Catalpa bignonioides 'Aurea'
The golden catalpa makes a huge ‘statement’ in the garden, the large yellow leaves keeping their soft color for most of the summer. Spring flowers are white, fragrant, large, and handsome. Can reach 30 ft tall by 20 ft wide in the garden over time and can be coppiced for a smaller, more manageable size. Full sun to part shade with average summer water. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Bignoniaceae $16 4D
Ceanothus 'Autumnal Blue'
Abundant flowers of a rich lavender-blue appear in late summer into autumn and intermittently all year on this award winning shrub. Fast growing to 8-10 ft tall and wide with an open and upright habit. Striking, shiny foliage is 2+" long, finely toothed, and softer than many of the genus. A handsome addition to the garden in full sun and well-drained soil. Evergreen into the upper teens F, upper USDA zone 8, and frost hardy into upper USDA zone 7.
Rhamnaceae $14 3D
Ceanothus 'Oregon Mist'california lilac
One of the best new ceanothus introductions, this collected from near Cape Blanco on the Oregon coast by plantsmen Paul Bonine and Greg Shepherd. Though originally thought to be rather diminutive, our plants have grown to nearly 15 ft in 6 years, so we now declare it a small tree adorned with delicate, 1/3” green glossy leaves and dusky blue flowers throughout the year in mild climates and especially in spring and fall with inland heat. When pruned into standards, the delightful green bark can be exposed, sure to elicit squeals of delight at your next open garden. Sun to light shade. Tolerant of some summer garden water but long lived and slower growing without water. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 7, at least.
Rhamnaceae $14 4D
Ceanothus 'Tuxedo'tuxedo california lilac
A lovely sport from Ireland of C. ‘Autumnal Blue' with nearly black foliage and the deepest blue flowers, making it one of the most unique forms yet. Its parentage includes summer rainfall C. americanus so, though accepting of drought, it is tolerant of summer garden water. Evergreen (well, black), long-lived, and exciting. To 4-5 ft eventually. Sun is best for deepest color, but holds up well in medium shade. Very good hedging or container plant. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Rhamnaceae $14 3D
Ceanothus maritimus 'Popcorn'
Low-growing California lilac, with typically small, leathery leaves but untypical white flowers in abundant, early spring clusters. This evergreen, mounding shrub, to 2-3 ft tall x 6 ft wide, makes a fine groundcover for banks or any sunny garden spot. Prefers well-drained soil and very little summer water once established. Cold hardy into the low teens F, bottom of USDA zone 8.
Rhamnaceae $14 4D
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Black Diamond'
This variegated selection of the common coastal deerbrush, has striking leaves of yellow with green markings and medium blue flowers covering the branches in early spring, adding brightness to a shady spot. Forms a large shrub to small tree that can reach 15 ft tall x 10 ft easily where summer water is provided. Best in part shade, with protection from the western sun. Accepting of summer water and tolerant of summer drought - slower growing as well. Prune, if needed, in the summer. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Rhamnaceae $14 3D
Chaenomeles japonica 'Atsuya Hamada'maroon-red flowering quince
A gorgeous quince with dark maroon-red, nearly black flowers, this from a wild collection by Pacific Northwest plantsman Roy Davidson on the slopes of Mount Fuji. Early spring bloom lasts over a long period and attracts lots of admiring attention - both insect and human. For full to half sun with regular summer water. These "must-have" plants can reach 10 ft tall or so x 5-6 ft wide. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5, and possibly colder.
Rosaceae $18 3D
Chaenomeles x superba 'Mandarin'coral-orange flowering quince
One of our favorite quinces, a nearly spineless shrub, to only about 4 ft tall, possibly 5, with deep coral-orange flowers over a long season in winter and spring. We have planted ours with golden foliage plants such as Choisya ternata ‘Sundance’ for a dazzling winter effect, if we do say so ourselves. Excellent for cut flowers. Full sun to medium shade with at least occasional summer water to improve bud set. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6, possibly zone 5.
Rosaceae $14 3D
Cheilanthes argenteasilver cloak fern
This fragile looking fern, native to rocky outcrops in China and Japan, is far from a wimp. Drought tolerant, easy, and gorgeous with fronds that are glittering green above and a ghostly, silver-white below. Best in walls, rock gardens, or containers, anywhere excellent drainage can be provided. Drought tolerant once established and said to be deer resistant. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Adiantaceae $12 4D
Chlorophytum 'Gold Nugget'gold nugget spider plant
From the Drakensburgs of eastern South Africa and shared with us by plantsman Gary Hammer, this is essentially a dwarf, variegated, ground-covery spider plant -- with no macramé hangers needed. (Does anyone remember macramé?) Has been a wonderful addition to container plantings for us with its 6", light cream and green striped leaves and has been hardy in the ground, frosting back only when temperatures drop to 20F, USDA zone 9, though we would recommend a mulch with such temperatures. Even summer moisture; bright light to fairly deep shade. Decent drainage best.
Asparagaceae $9 4in
Choisya 'Aztec Pearl'mexican mock orange
Wonderful, medium-sized, evergreen shrub, a cross between dryland species, C. ternata and C. arizonica, with handsome, narrow leaves and abundant, fragrant, white, orange-blossom-scented flowers in spring and summer. To 3-5 ft tall and wide, a useful and tough evergreen shrub for full sun to part shade, fertile, well-drained soil, and occasional summer water at least to establish. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8. Also found as Choisya x dewitteana 'Aztec Pearl'.
Rutaceae $12 4D
Choisya 'Bluestone'mexican mock orange
A Cistus introduction in 2011 from our choisya captive breeding program. This cross between our own wild collection, C. arizonica 'Whetstone' and others has produced a 3-4 ft finely textured plant with pale stems, narrow, blue-tinted leaves, and dime-sized flowers in spring and possibly twice more in a year. Full sun to part shade, decently drained soil, and an occasional helping of water. Choisya 'Bluestone' has the robustitude of selections such as C. 'Aztec Pearl' and the increased hardiness of high elevation Arizona. Easily frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7, and possibly zone 6.
Rutaceae $14 3D
mexican mock orange
Lovely, golden form of the Mexican orange, an evergreen shrub, to 6 ft tall or so and 4-5 ft wide, the narrow leaves pale yellow in new growth maturing to green, a bi-color contrast. Foliage is aromatic as well, emitting a spicy-sweet smell when brushed or crushed. Single white flowers are abundant in spring and often again in fall. Protection from the western sun is best in the hottest climates; otherwise full sun to part shade in well drained soil with some summer water. A great landscape plant, easy and rewarding. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Rutaceae $14 4D
mexican mock orange
A Cistus introduction with the stoutness of C. mexicana and the fine feathery leaves of Choisya arizonica, the new leaves and stems emerging golden green and slowly aging to a handsome forest green. Evergreen, to 2.5-3 ft tall with a mounding habit. Nickel-sized, sweetly fragrant, white flowers appear in spring and then again periodically until late fall. Best in dappled shade to full sun in decently drained soil and at least occasional summer water where dry. An excellent container plant. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Rutaceae $14 3D
Cissus striata RCH 393
miniature grape ivy
A rich collection by plantsman Randall Hitchin from southern Chile in rocky areas in damp woodlands. A miniature Boston ivy in appearance, with reddish stems and 4” leaves crinkled with lighter veins, this most pleasing evergreen vine can grow to 10-15 ft if pushed. Wonderful for a wall or covering that old cyclone fence you’ve been meaning to get rid of. Also, a fine container component. Shade to full sun; some summer water in dry places for extra vigor. This collection should be fully frost hardy to 15F and resprout vigorously from 10F, USDA zone 8.
Vitaceae $12 4in
Wonderful portulaca from Mediterranean Chile forming mounds, to about 3 ft across, of echeveria-like rosettes of blue-green leaves on small, succulent, branching shrubs. In spring and again in late summer, cerise flowers stand on tall, airy stems to 3 ft tall. Best in sun and well-drained soil with little water required. Frost hardy into the mid 20s F, USDA zone 9b for outdoor planting, and a superb "temperennial" or container plant to winter indoors where temperatures dip lower.
Portulaceae $9 4in
Cistanthe grandiflora 'Bill Teague'
Another form of C. grandiflora, the rosettes of blue-green leaves much bluer in this form given to us and named by Bart O'Brien's from garden in Pomona, California. To about 3 ft across, like the species, a small, succulent, branching shrubs, with cerise flowers on airy stems to 3 ft tall in spring and again in late summer . Best in sun and well-drained soil with little water required. Frost hardy into the mid 20s F, USDA zone 9b for outdoor planting, and a superb "temperennial" or container plant to winter indoors where temperatures dip lower.
Portulacaceae $9 4D
Cistus 'Bicolor Pink'
small-flowered rock rose
Handsome cistus with soft gray, evergreen foliage and picotee flowers of deep pink and white with yellow centers in abundance from mid spring to early summer. A perfect groundcover, forming a dense mat to only about a foot high x 3 ft wide. Enjoys full sun, lean soil, good drainage, and little summer water once established. Frost hardy to 5F, USDA zone 7b.
Cistaceae $12 4in
Cistus 'Little Gem'rock rose
A small rockrose, one of Eric Sammons hybrids, with narrow green foliage on reddish stems and, best of all, spring flowers, white with a dark red-maroon marking the base of each petal. Very striking. To 3 ft tall x 4 ft wide. Happy in sun and well-drained soil. Drought tolerant once established but accepts occasional summer water. Cold hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Cistaceae $12 3D
Small and dense, evergreen shrub to only about 3 ft tall and wide with particularly attractive undulate leaves coated with fur ... yes (actually silky hairs) ... that create a jewel-like effect when moist. Spring flowers are large and dark pink with yellow centers, appearing in spring, lovely against the slightly olive-green foliage. For full sun, lean and well-drained soil, and little summer water once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Cistaceae $12 2D
Cistus libanotis 'Major'rock rose
A vigorous and free flowering rock rose, to 4 ft, evergreen, its dark, narrow leaves creating a somewhat delicate texture. In spring, erect racemes of white flowers with red sepals appear at the end of each branch. Like the species, found growing on rocky slopes in southern Portugal and Spain, this form likes good drainage and mineral soil in full sun. Drought tolerant once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Cistaceae $12 4in
Cistus x dansereaui 'Portmeirion'rock rose
Evergreen rock rose, a cross between C. ladanifer and C. inflatus, this selection being somewhat more diminutive than the species, clumping to 4 ft tall or so x 4 ft wide. Leaves are shiny green, and slightly sticky from the infusion of slightly aromatic labdanum oil from the C. ladnifer parent. Spring flowers are pure white and somewhat ruffled. An excellent choice for the dry garden in sun and good drainage. Summer drought tolerant once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Cistaceae $12 2D
Citrus aurantium var. myrtifolia
Very pretty, small compact shrub or small tree to 8-10 ft tall with small, indeed, myrtle-like leaves that are glossy green. Found as a bud mutation on old sour orange trees in Florida, these are thornless! Spring flowers are white and sweetly fragrant, producing small, bumpy skinned fruit, edible but sour. Full sun, rich soil, and summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zones 9-11 with a fighting chance in zone 8.
Rutaceae $14 4in
Citrus ichangensisichang papeda
Wonderful large shrub that can be pruned into a small tree, to 8-10 ft or more. Narrow, evergreen leaves and, believe it or not, attractive green branches and spines. Fragrant flowers produced in spring and summer become small orange ...uh... oranges that are a bit bitter for eating out of hand but fine made into juices in times of famine. Really, we grow it for the look. Sun to dappled shade. Has survived temperatures below 0F. We consider it frost hardy to 10F, the USDA zone 8 range, if water has been withheld in autumn for hardening.
Rutaceae $12 4in
Citrus medica [Variegated Fingered Citron]variegated fingered citron; buddha's hand
This strange and wonderful citrus with many common names -- Buddha's hand, finger citron, etc. -- that refer to the large and odd, "fingered" fruit of only pith and skin, both edible and useful for culinary purposes. As well, the skin is very pleasantly fragrant, though the largish flowers are not. Many surprises. A small tree or shrub that can reach up to 15 ft, with thorny branches and shiny green, oval leaves, marked with white variegations in this form. Enjoys bright light with protection from the fiercest sun and regular water. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9.
Rutaceae $15 4D
Citrus reticulata 'Clementine de Nules'
The clementine orange, a mandarin variety, is particularly attractive because the fruit is produced in the winter months. And of the clementines, Clementine de Nules is one of the best with its sweet, juicy, and seedless red-orange fruit. Trees, with their long, densely held, pointed leaves, are vigorous but easily kept pruned to bush size. Best with plenty of sun and water. Though the trees themselves are somewhat drought tolerant, they produce better fruit if kept watered. Where temperatures dip below freezing, USDA zone 10, best protected in winter.
Rutaceae $12 4D
Clematis fasciculiflora - silver marbled leaf form
Unusual, lovely, and vigorous evergreen vine, to 15 ft or so, with fragrant, nodding white flowers in winter to early spring - the magical time for flowers. Leaves are striking, larger and more marbled in this form than in the species, to 1.5-2" long and leathery with silvery markings around the veins. Blooms on last years growth, so can be cut back and renewed after blooming. As with all clematis, sun for the foliage and cool shade for the roots. Well-drained soil and regular summer moisture as well. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Ranunculaceae $16 4D
Clematis x cartmanii 'Joe'
Tough evergreen clematis, spectacularly floriferous with white, cup-shaped flowers that nearly hide the foliage in early spring. This cross between New Zealand species C. marmoraria and C. paniculata is a non-climber, to 5-6 ft tall, happy spilling its fern-like, cut foliage over walls or containers or tied upright to display the gorgeous flowers. Full sun with good drainage, regular summer water, and protection to keep the roots cool. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Ranunculaceae $15 3D
Clerodendrum trichotomum 'Golden Glory'golden glorybower
Though having much the same shape as the species, this slightly smaller cultivar, to 10-12 ft with umbrella form, has striking golden leaves often tinted orange when emerging and fading to spring green in mid to late season. Fragrant white flowers appear in mid to late summer followed by metallic blue, red-bracted fruit. A handsome addition to the garden in bright light for best color and at least occasional summer water where dry. Can colonize with root disturbance - a good or bad thing. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Verbenaceae $18 4D
Clianthus puniceuslobster claw, parrot's beak
Brilliant carmine-red, 3-4" flowers -- looking like, say, a lobster claw? a parrot's beak? certainly something exotic -- adorn this wonderful shrubby perennial in May and June. This New Zealand native reaches 4-8 ft tall and wide with arching, woody branches, dark green pinnate leaves and those fabulous flowers in early summer. Enjoys rich, well-drained soil in a warm, bright spot -- perhaps against a wall -- with regular summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, in a protected spot and evergreen above 20F, zone 9.
Fabaceae $11 4in
Colletia spinosissima 'Rosea'
Upright shrub with very spiky, green spines on stems punctuated with tiny, deciduous leaves and adorned in spring with red flowers in our clone. Easily reaches 4-6 ft tall and, over time and, in the best conditions, can reach tree size, though easily kept smaller (with long handled pruners and tough gloves). A terrific barrier plant or hedge. Prefers sun and lean soil that is well-drained and preferably gritty. Drought tolerant once established but accepts and enjoys some summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Rhamnaceae $12 4D
looking glass plant
Handsome and interesting, evergreen shrub with tiny, glossy, red-mahogany colored leaves that become even darker in winter. To 4-6 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide with an upright growth habit and dense foliage that is easily trimmed and shaped into topiaries, formal hedges, or colorful, single garden specimens. Best in sun to light shade and tolerant of summer water though accepting of periods of drought once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Rubiaceae $11 2D
Coprosma 'Cocoa Butter'
A robust plant, to 4-5 ft tall with 2", glossy leaves of saffron yellow with coppery overtones, these shrubs are marvelous when placed with foliage in colors of olive to burgundy. Orange flowers stand out well against the foliage. Can be used as small hedge or screen plants or as specimens in mixed containers. Bright light for best foliage color and consistent moisture in any soil. This is one of the more tender coprosma selections, frost hardy only for brief periods into the upper teens F, USDA zone 8b. Well worth treating as a tender pot specimen in colder climates.
Rubiaceae $11 4D
australian mirror bush
Newish release from New Zealand with small, particularly glossy, deep green leaves edged in black and marked with browns, all turning dark bronze in cooler weather. Perhaps more handsome than cute, but still rather small, to 2 ft tall x 3 ft wide, perfect for a protected spot in a small garden. Where temperatures regularly fall below 20F, best in a protected spot in full to part sun and well-drained soil with regular garden water. Reliably frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9, possibly 8b in perfect conditions.
Rubiaceae $11 4D
Coprosma acerosa var. brunnea UBC 1155
Tangled, sprawling, ever-brown shrub from New Zealand, forming springy, weed-supressing mats to 1 ft thick - one of those New Zealand plants that looks dead but isn't. A striking spiller with the best color in full sun where soil is lean and the best growth in well-drained soil with occasional summer water. Insignificant flower are followed by brilliant blue berries, nice with the brownish foliage. Expand your color palette! Cold hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8. (Also known as Coprosma brunnea and C. acerosa.)
Rubiaceae $12 3D
Coprosma aff. rhamnoides
This collection from New Zealand’s South Island grows to 3 ft or so, replete with tiny divaricating branches and leaves to …oh, about a millimeter, all in a coppery, pink hue. Flowers are tiny as well, followed by interesting, almost violet berries in late summer. Particularly tough for a coprosma, withstanding temperatures of 10F with no damage … though who could tell on a copper-colored plant. Best with some summer water and bright light for best color. Makes a very good pot filler. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Rubiaceae $010 2D
Coprosma repens 'Rainbow Surprise'willy wonka boxwood
Choice, tender, evergreen shrub that's hardly green at all. Yellow margins are flushed pink on green leaves -- all the colors darkening in winter. It's like adding paprika to your container. To 5 ft x 3 ft over time. Flowers are insignificant. Best with protection from afternoon sun except in cool coastal climates. Well drained soil and occasional to regular summer water. Can be sheared. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9.
Rubiaceae $12 4D
Coprosma repens 'Taupata Gold'variegated mirror plant
Small, variegated evergreen shrub, to 3-4 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide, the dark, shiny green leaves edged with a wide band of chartreuse. Native to the coastal areas in New Zealand, it is tolerant of salt spray and sun in coastal conditions; inland prefers part shade and regular summer water. Frost hardy to 18F, upper USDA zone 8.
Rubiaceae $14 4D
needled leaved mountain coprosma
Collected by the wonderful Pukerau Nursery near Dean Burn on New Zealand's South Island, these 4-6 ft, rather tightly divaricating shrubs have tiny coppery to nearly purple leaves and flowers that, though hardly visible to the naked eye, produce light violet, translucent fruit. Mmmmm! A very good specimen or hedge plant for sun to dappled shade with some summer water in dry climates. Frost hardy to below 10F, upper USDA zone 7, and an excellent, or at least interesting, pot specimen.
Rubiaceae $11 4D
Coprosma sp. 'Stinking Stream'
How could we resist propagating a plant with such a ... lovely name, one that simply indicates the place from which it was collected on New Zealand's South Island. There is nothing odiferous about this divaricating shrub, to about 4-5 ft tallwith tiny, narrow, rice-like, bronzy foliage, insignificant flowers, and faintly lavender, translucent fruit. Makes an architectural pot or garden specimen especially placed amongst plants with metallic colors - browns, black, silvers, rust, etc. Easy in the garden in sun for the best "dead" look and regular summer moisture. Frost hardy into the single digits F, upper zone 7.
Rubiaceae $9 3D
Coprosma x kirkii 'Goldstream'
Another of a raft of wonderful new coprosmas making its way to us from the mad-cap scientists of New Zealand, this a small plant, under 1 ft in height, but spreading and weeping to make a superb, small-scale ground cover or filler with sheets of small, spring-green leaves centered gold. Sun to part shade with some summer water where dry, though tolerant of many garden conditions including some drought once established. Also a very good container plant. Frost hardy to 10F or so, USDA zone 8. Can be used as a summer annual in cold climates or “pull-in” plant.
Rubiaceae $12 4in
Cornus alba 'Hessei'
An ornamental, deciduous dogwood that is perfect for the small garden, growing to only 6-8 ft tall x 8-10 ft wide, with multiple, upright branches, the stems bright yellow in winter. Late spring flowers are white in flat clusters, producing white fruit in fall, both lovely against the curly, densely held, dark green leaves. Cut back in early spring for new growth in the best winter color. Makes a useful small hedge or screen. Very adaptable, enjoying sun -- except in the hottest climates -- to part shade and regular summer water. Frost hardy to -50F, USDA zone 2.
Cornaceae $16 3D
Cornus mas 'Variegata'cornelian cherry
A grail plant for many, this strikingly variegated form of the deciduous cornelian cherry, with its green leaves marked in white, reaches 10-12 ft for us, with a compact umbrella shape, and yellow flowers in mid to late winter, followed by deep red, 1/2" fruit (with a pollinating partner) -- indeed, quite tasty, attracting birds, and making a lovely contrast with the glowing, variegated leaves in mid to late summer. Prefers rich moist soil in part shade but does well in full sun with mulch for cool roots and generous summer water. Frost hardy -30F, USDA zone 4. Does poorly in very hot places with high humidity.
Cornaceae $18 3D
Cornus sanguinea 'Compressa'dwarf bloodwood dogwood
"Interesting", "unique", "strange", "tough", and "distinct" are all words used to describe this red twig dogwood, a very upright and narrow, dedicuous shrub, possibly reaching 6-8 ft x 3-4 ft wide. The leaves are wrinkled, veiny, curly and densely held on the stems, a textured addition to the garden, while the crowded, upright stems offer bright red, winter interest. Sun to part shade with regular summer water is best. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Cornaceae $12 3D
Cornus sericea 'Hedgerows Gold'red twig dogwood
A red-twig dogwood cultivar with the bright red stems that color the winter landscape after the leaves are gone. And what wonderful leaves - bright green with a wide and irregular golden edge! In spring, clusters of tiny white flowers appear followed by white fruit that birds love. This deciduous shrub, to 6-10 ft x 6 ft, can be multistemmed or trained as a small, handsome tree. Best in bright light with protection from afternoon’s hottest sun and regular summer water. Tolerates a wide range of soils, including boggy situations. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Cornaceae $12 2D
Corokia 'Tutti Frutti'
Stunning corokia, evergreen, with foliage colored a mixture of orange, bronze, and yellow! Especially cheerful in spring when little yellow flowers appear, later turning into bright orange berries that feed the birds. Reaches 4-5 ft tall and wide, perfect for a single specimen to brighten a shade spot or as a hedge that could be sheared as well. Best in half shade with good drainage and regular summer water. Frost hardy in upper teens F, USDA zone 8 in a protected spot with mulch.
Argophyllaceae $12 4D
Corokia cotoneaster 'Antons Dwarf'wire netting bush
A dwarf version of the species, this evergreen, divaricating shrub from New Zealand matures at only 2-3 ft tall or so with delightfully attractive, tangled twiggy growth. Like the species, stems are silver gray with teeny tiny leaves and, in spring, tiny, fragrant yellow flowers. Full sun to part shade with good drainage and summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8. Excellent in a container or at the front of a bed.
Argophyllaceae $14 2D
mountain toetoe grass
Particularly handsome, smaller toetoe to 4 ft x 4 ft, a New Zealand grass closely related to pampas grass. Flowers are tawny white plumes, feathery and slightly arching, appearing in July and August, earlier than the pampas forms, and standing up to 7 ft tall. Broad, grassy, arching leaves, somewhat more refined than other toetoe forms, develop substantial clumps, or tussocks, in sun to part shade. Best in well-drained soil with regular summer moisture but tolerant of some summer drought. Said to be deer resistant. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Poaceae $12 2D
Cortaderia selloana 'Gold Band'
gold band pampas grass
This may be the perfect pampas grass. It is handsome with gold bands along the leaf edges that sparkle in the sun and set off the white, late summer plumes that stand upright above the showy foliage, rising up to 10 ft tall. A slow grower, this form clumps to 3-6 ft wide by 6-10 ft tall but remains within bounds as they are seedless and can't reproduce. Perfectly happy in full sun with no summer water once established, 'Gold Band' is a happy plant for the dry border or in containers. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Poaceae $12 4D
Large New Zealand grass, from the group of handsome, tussock-forming grasses known commonly as toetoes, this species found in swamps and wet areas on the North Island of Tauranga. Like the related pampas grasses, flowers appear in white plumes on nearly erect spikes that stand above the arching, narrow-leaved, tooth-edged foliage, but flowering time is earlier, from late spring to mid summer. Plants are large in this form, 6-9 ft tall x 4-8 ft wide and perform well in the garden in full sun. These plants enjoy summer moisture but tolerate some summer drought. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Poaceae $12 2D
Cotoneaster microphyllus var. thymifolius
dwarf rock spray
A dwarf species, perfect for the Mediterranean garden, remaining under 3 ft high x 3-5 ft wide with fine-textured, evergreen leaves, under 1/4", enveloped in silver-gray as are the young stems. Small scarlet berries develop from small white flowers and adorn the densely cloaked branches in fall through midwinter. Summer drought-loving though content in a well-watered garden provided sharp drainage. Cold hard to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Rosaceae $12 2D
Crassula 'Baby Necklace'
Sweet little succulent with puffy leaves, green with red edges, stacked on thin stems, indeed like beads on a baby's necklace. To only 6-12" tall forming clumps of upright stems to 9-12" wide adorned with small white flowers in late spring to early summer. A cross between C. rupestris and C. perforata, these do best in well-drained soil in bright light with protection from the hottest, midday sun. Should dry out some between waterings and never be allowed to sit in water. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9. A happy container plant where temperatures are lower.
Crassulaceae $9 2D
Also known as Crassula arborescens ssp. undulatifolia and C. arborescens ssp. undulatifolia 'Bluebird', this succulent shrub has thick, twisted, blue-gray leaves on a many branched plant to 2-3 ft tall and wide. Very striking especially in winter when rounded clusters of white star flowers appear in abundance. Evergreen and sturdy in sun to part shade with little water needed. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9 and a good container plant for the indoor / outdoor life where temperatures dip lower.
Crassulaceae $8 3D
Crassula 'Hobbit'baby jade
Not unlike heroic hobbit Frodo Baggins, this form of baby jade is a bit shorter and stouter than the others, and certainly a curiosity piece, producing compact, shiny, succulent leaves shaped a bit like miniature elephant trunks. Eventually to 3 ft tall and nearly as wide, forming a succulent trunk with age -- but takes many years to get there. Best as container specimen as they are only frost hardy into the upper 20's F, upper USDA zone 9. Makes a good houseplant.
Crassulaceae $7 3D
Crassula arborescenssilver dollar plant
Striking, red-edged, silver-blue-gray leaves, to 3" long, cluster on thick and fleshy, branching stems to 3 ft tall and possibly taller on this outstanding succulent from South Africa. Though shy to flower, plants can produce pinkish white, star flowers. Effective pruning can produce a charming bonsai or protect against breakage. Bright light is best with lean soil that drains well and water only when soil is dry. Frost hardy to 25F, perhaps a bit lower, USDA zone 9b, and a handsome container plant.
Crassulaceae $8 4in
Crassula capitella 'Campfire'
Branching succulent with a mostly prostrate habit, to less than a foot tall and a few feet wide, bearing spikes of white flowers in summer. The fleshy leaves glow bright red as they mature. Unfortunately they wilt below 30F or so. Great in a container that can be brought to a sunny windowsill in winter. Sun to part shade. Frost hardy to 30F, USDA zone 10.
Crassulaceae $010 3D
Crassula corymbulosashark's tooth crassula
Small succulent from South Africa, to 6-10" tall x 12-20" wide, with medium green, triangular leaves overlapping in stacked, pagoda-like rosettes that add red tones in the sun and produce small white flowers at the top before dropping its leaves to produce more plants. Full sun for best leaf color. Very drought tolerant once established and frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9. Excellent in pots or hanging baskets. Tres retro!
Crassulaceae $010 3D
Crassula lycopodioideswatch chain plant
Another succulent with not only a common synonym, C. muscosa, but also many descriptive common names, including clubmoss crassula, rattail crassula, lizard's tail, zipper plant, and watch chain plant, not to mention princess pine -- all reaching for words to capture the thin stems of this 8-12" tall shrublet, each packed with tiny, light green leaves. Best in sun or, in hottest places, afternoon shade, with at least occasional summer water. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9.
Crassulaceae $8 4in
Crassula ovata 'Hummel's Sunset'
golden jade plant
Shrubby jade plant, this with leaves flushed and margined with golden yellow and copper-red along the margins. This one is a little smaller, denser, and more compact than the species, reaching only 2-3 ft high. Fine in bright light or dappled shade with little water necessary. Does not tolerate frost so best in containers to be moved indoors when weather becomes cold. Frost hardy to 30F, USDA zone 10.
Crassulaceae $8 2D
Crassula ovata 'Tricolor'variegated jade plant
Variegated jade plant, the dark green, succulent leaves decorated with creamy white irregular markings. A lovely shrub and slow-growing, reaching only 1 ft tall in several years, in bright light or part shade. Very drought tolerant, needing only occasional water in summer and almost none in winter unless grown in container and requiring a bit more frequent attention. A fine succulent shrub outdoors where temperatures don't drop below freezing, USDA zone 10. Otherwise a happy container plant spending at least the winter months indoors in bright light.
Crassulaceae $010 4D
Crassula perforata 'Variegata'string-of-buttons
Native to South Africa, this succulent looks like stacks of star-shaped, succulent buttons on stems growing slowly up to 2 ft tall in clumps to 3 ft wide. New leaves are variegated -- appearing yellow with a central blue green stripe and red along the edges -- and very sweet. Older leaves darken to blue green. Best in full sun to part shade always in a soil mix for good drainage. Water regularly in summer when soil is dry and less often in winter. Only frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9, so best as a house plant or indoors for the winter.
Crassulaceae $010 2D
Crinum bulbispermumsouth african river lily
Striking South African lily with a large long-necked bulb. Arching, strap-like, blue-green leaves form clumps to 3 ft tall & wide, topped in mid-spring with large, funnel-shaped, fragrant flowers in white or shades of pink with a red streak on each petal. Best in sun or part shade in hot climates with plentiful water during during the growing season. Tolerates soggy soil but appreciates a dryer environment in dormancy. Dislikes being transplanted and takes time to establish so patience is required as well. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zones 7.
Amaryllidaceae $14 4D
Cupressus arizonica var. glabra
blue arizona cypress
Sparkly cypress with frosted blue foliage and smooth, gray bark. Useful and beautiful in the dry garden as a striking accent, background, or hedge. To 15 ft tall x 6-8 ft wide in bright sun with good air circulation, well-drained soil, and very little supplemental water in summer once established. Forms deeper and more stable root structures in dryer conditions. Very frost hardy, to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Cupressaceae $14 4D
California endemic found in yellow pine forests and chaparral and serpentine communities. This adaptable cypress grows slowly in dry environments, reaching 12-15 ft tall over time, and more quickly where water is more plentiful, reaching a possible 50 ft tall -- a handsome evergreen tree of any size with layered branches and gray bark. Prefers lean, well-drained soil but tolerates a wide range of soils; also tolerates summer drought and accepts occasional summer water. Best in full sun and frost hardy to at least 0F, USDA zone 7 with reports of tolerance into zone 6.
Cupressaceae $14 2D
Cylindropuntia kleiniae - Colorado purple clonecandle cholla
A 4-5 ft shrub with occasional long golden spines on narrow stems, purple flowers, and abundant orange red fruit in autumn, this form shared with us by Marianne Heacock from her Denver Garden many years ago. Plants have performed very well for us both in our garden and at a desert house in eastern Oregon. Makes an excellent container or garden plant for full sun and well-drained soil. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Cactaceae $12 4D
Cypella coelestisgoblet flower
Semi-evergreen, iris relative, with fabulous, 3-petalled blue flowers with yellow markings from July to September. A clumping plant, to 2-3 ft tall, with blue-green leaves in a fan shape. These are native to Argentina and like full sun and rich well-drained soil. Accepting of some summer drought but better with occasional deep watering. Frost hardy to 5F, upper USDA zone 7. Once known as Tigridia coelestis, Phalocallis coelestis is becoming the more accepted name.
Iridaceae $9 4D
Any cypella is delicious but this one from Peru is stunning, the three petals a deep golden yellow with red and purple markings in the center. A summer blooming bulb on stems to 18-24" tall, each flower lasts only one day but by carefully trimming the seed pods the blooming period can be extended. Requiring regular water in summer, these like to be dry in their winter dormancy, so well-drained soil is must or pot culture in full to part sun. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8 if winter dry. Hesperoxiphion peruvianum is a synonym and becoming a widely accepted name for this plant, lovely by any name.
Iridaceae $14 4in
Cyrtomium falcatum 'Rochfordianum'
japanese holly fern
Leaves are dark green and glossy on this cultivar, to 2 ft tall, forming 2-3 ft, vase-shaped clumps of nearly erect, evergreen fronds. Handsome in part to full shade planted in rich, well-drained soil that is watered regularly in summer. Mulch to maintain consistent moisture. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6. A fine and frost hardy container specimen.
Dryopteridaceae $12 4D
Cyrtomium fortunei - Cl 5japanese holly fern
Evergreen and very cold hardy holly fern for loamy soils in part shade to shade. Very choice, reaches to 30" tall over time, growing quickly into large, handsome colonies that can easily be used as neat and formal-looking groundcover. Likes rich and moist soil but once established tolerates dry conditions. Evergreen when temperatures remain above 15F, and cold hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Dryopteridaceae $12 4D
Daphne bholua 'Darjeeling'paper daphne
From a species native to eastern Himalayas, this is a particularly frost hardy cultivar, evergreen and upright to 4 ft wide and up to 10 ft tall in the best conditions. In winter and spring deep pink buds open to sweetly scented white-tinged-pink flowers followed by drupes that ripen to black. Grow in part shade with regular summer water. They are known as paper daphnes where paper and ropes were once made from their bark. Frost hardy in USDA zones 7-10.
Thymelaeaceae $22 3D
Daphne odora 'Aureomarginata Alba'
white winter daphne
Evergreen shrub, to 5 ft tall and wide, with deep green leaves edged in creamy yellow. Handsome year round and especially lovely with its fragrant clusters of small, starry,white flowers from midwinter into spring. Hardier and easier to grown than the species in sun to part shade, well-drained soil and summer moisture. Native to China and Japan and cold hardy to 10F,USDA zones 8.
Thymelaeaceae $11 2D
Daphne x burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie'burkwood daphne
A variegated form of a classic daphne with narrow, 1" leaves of sage-green edged in cream. These deciduous shrubs are dense enough to create a small hedge, to about 2-3 ft tall x 4 ft wide, covered with sweetly scented, white flowers, most profusely from late winter through early spring and occasionally year round. The custardy sweet fragrance makes it a perfect plant for the entrance garden. Best in part shade, possibly with mulch to keep the roots cool, and consistent summer water. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Thymelaeaceae $14 3D
Daphniphyllum macropodumfalse daphne
Amazing and handsome large shrub from China, Korea, and Japan with red petioles bearing long, dark green leaves, to 6-10" long x 1-3" wide, arranged like whorls on the branch ends, the new growth emerging above, pale and flushed with pink. Flowers are inconspicuous. This multi-stemmed shrub can reach 12-15 ft tall and wide - possibly taller, growing slowly until well established in bright shade to shade, where soil is rich and water is regular. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Daphniphyllaceae $15 4D
Dasylirion texanumtexas sotol
As the name would imply, this gem of a garden plant is native to west and southern Texas into Mexico and is one of the hardiest of the lot. Deep green rosettes, with small backward pointing spines and attractive golden filifers at the ends of the leaves, eventually form small trunks but are attractive as focal points or repeated rosettes in the garden. As denizens of the southern Great Plains, they love a thunderstorm or two in the summer and don't mind being dry in the winter, though they are tolerant of moisture. Sun to dappled shade, the main problem with dappled shade being dead leaves, not fun to pull out of the center of the plant -- your arm could get stuck that way, as my dad used to say about forbidden things. Reports tell us of frost tolerance up to -20F, USDA zone 5. Wow! Also great container plants.
Liliaceae $16 4D
Decumaria barbara SBH 7320
Our collection of this lovely, climbing hydrangea relative from east central Georgia (also a newly charted, very northern habitat of the needle palm, Rhapidophyllum hystrix). These most attractive vines make an evergreen groundcover or a dense, clinging vine for tree or trellis, flowering only after they have climbed a year or two with white lace caps held horizontally against the foliage. Enjoys summer water in sun or shade, flowering more heavily in sun. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 6, probably zone 5.
Hydrangeaceae $15 4in
Delosperma 'Oberg'hardy ice plant
A high elevation, South African ice plant producing pearly pink flowers throughout the season above blue, rice-grain-sized leaves on plants only a few inches high in clusters less than 18" inches wide. A nice, succulent ground cover in full sun where soil is lean and drainage is sharp. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5, or less if dryish.
Aizoaceae $9 2in
Delosperma congestum 'Gold Nugget'
We found this ice plant growing at 10,000 ft elevation just east of Sani Pass on the border of South Africa and Lesotho, forming a dense growing cushion of only 1" tall by 10" wide, with stunning yellow flowers. These have become popular in the mountain states (think Denver) for their extreme cold hardiness (-20F) when soil is well drained. Tough and pretty in the sun. Frost hardy to -20F, the bottom of USDA zone 5.
Aizoaceae $7 4in
Delosperma nubigenum 'Basutoland'
basultoland yellow ice plant
An easy and cold hardy ground-covering succulent selected by the Berkeley Botanic Garden, to only 6" tall forming clumps to 2 ft wide that trail over walls or containers or create an colorful mat, the evergreen leaves turning red in winter. Summer flowers are bright yellow daisys nearly covering the plant from late spring into summer. Sun to part shade is best in very well-drained soil with at least occasional summer water once established. Surprisingly frost hardy, accepting temperatures below 0F into USDA zone 6.
Aizoaceae $7 4in
Delosperma sanguinea 'Kirstenbosch'
Another hardy South African ice plant, this to only 2-3" tall spreading to 18" or more per season, with narrow leaves and stems of soft blue-gray with overlying burgundy tones in cold weather. The flowers are somewhere between crimson and plum appearing from late spring to mid-autumn and accenting the foliage beautifully. Seems an easy grower in poor soil and bright light. Summer water greatly speeds growth. We have this in several stock plantings in mixed containers - a lovely sight. Reported frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5; we'll go with upper zone 6 or zone 7 especially in places receiving winter wet.
Aizoaceae $9 4D
Delosperma sp. - red flowers
Tough and wildly floriferous succulent, to 4" tall with rounded, 2", succulent, blue leaves and, from May to frost, yellow-centered, red, daisy-like flowers covering the low-growing foliage that can spread up to 1.5-2 ft, making a good groundcover that is very cheerful in flower. Easy in full sun and lean, well-drained soil with little summer water. Frost hardy t0 -10, USDA zone 6 and possibly lower.
Aizoaceae $7 4in
Dichroa febrifuga 'UBC'
evergreen chinese hydrangea
Possibly the most exquisite form yet of this delightful genus, shared with us by the University of British Columbia Botanical Garden, one of the best public gardens in North America. This southern Chinese collection grows only to about 3 ft with 3-4" leaves lightly encased by silver hairs. The generous clusters of fertile blue flowers produce pea sized clusters of cobalt colored fruit in fall through spring, held exquisitely above the foliage. Another plant for shade - or at least protection from hot afternoon sun - with even moisture. It has withstood about ("aboot") 0F, USDA zone 7, at UBC in their protected woodlands.
Hydrangeaceae $14 4D
Dichroa sp. - dwarfdwarf evergreen chinese hydrangea
Dwarf and evergreen, hydrangea relative, adorned with clusters of sky-blue flowers in late summer followed by metallic turquoise berries that linger through winter. This selection stays under 2 ft tall and slightly wider, perfect for the small garden. Best in part sun with adequate water and happy in a container as well. Frost hardiness to 10F, USDA zone 8, is enhanced by planting in a protected spot, out of wind and perhaps with overhead protection.
Hydrangeaceae $12 4D
angel’s fishing rod
Lovely South African irid with nearly evergreen foliage appearing as a delicate grass, to 18” tall, with 4–6 ft wands bearing pleasing, often salmon-pink flowers at the ends. Each stem produces flowers for several weeks to several months, depending on the season, adding wonderful movement to any garden as they sway in the breeze. Given their wild habitat in damp meadows and near seeps, occasional deep irrigation in the summer is beneficial. These collections become deciduous below 10F, USDA zone 8, but should be quite frost hardy in zone 6 with a bit of mulch.
Iridaceae $12 4in
Dierama pulcherrimum 'Ginny's Ultra Dark'dark angel’s fishing rod
Culled from generations of seedlings, this very dark flowering, South African iris relative has deep burgundy flowers on stems to 5 ft. Wonderful on a bank where the flowers can reach out and be seen from below. The grass-like foliage is evergreen -- so it shouldn't be cut back -- and slowly forms a clump to 2-3 ft wide. Full sun and good drainage is best. Frost hardy to below 10F, into USDA zone 7.
Iridaceae $14 4D
dwarf evergreen soloman’s seal
Another of the small group of evergreen Solomon seals for the woodland garden, this one apparently closely related to D. fuscopicta, keeping many of its characteristics -- e.g., unbranched stalks and shiny, rounded leaflets with prominent veins -- but in smaller dimensions. Mid-spring flowers also emerge soft white and age to chartreuse. To only 6" tall or so and slowly spreading to create dense patches in shade to part shade with rich soil and regular summer moisture. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Liliaceae $15 4D
Disporopsis pernyi 'Bill Baker'evergreen solomon's seal
Neatly compact, evergreen solomon's seal, spreading into clusters of dark green stems to only 18" tall with shiny green, 5" leaves and, in late spring to early summer, tiny white, sweetly aromatic bell-flowers hanging from the leaf undersides. A perfect size to fit under larger shrubs or small trees in the shaded garden or set amongst ferns. Drought tolerant once established but enjoys summer water especially in very dry periods. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Liliaceae $12 3D
Disporum cantoniense 'Golden Temple'chinese fairy bells
A still somewhat new and always lovely form of the Chinese fairybell, this with wide, deep gold centers in the green leaves, brightening any shady spot. Given to us by Ted Stephens of Nurseries Carolinianas and one of the prettiest selections so far. To only 30" tall, these have typical white, bell flowers in early summer followed by purple-black fruit. Rich, moist soil in light shade is best with regular summer water. Evergreen above 0F, USDA zone 7 and root hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Liliaceae $12 4D
Dodonaea viscosa 'Purpurea'
purple hop bush
This red/purple-leaved Australian hop-shrub is an excellent seasonal foliage plant, reaching 3 ft in a season and up to 10-12 ft eventually. Sticky foliage glistens in full sun where it’s happiest with well-drained soil and occasional summer water. Try backlit or in a container. Frost hardy to 18F, upper USDA zone 8, brief spells; otherwise, zone 9 or treat as an annual or pot plant.
Sapindaceae $12 2D
Drimys lanceolata 'Suzette'variegated tasmanian pepperwood
An exquisite variegated form of the Tasmanian pepperwood, the foliage marbled cream and yellow throughout, the yellow variegation becoming even more striking against the red stems as plants mature. I first observed this form, still unnamed, at an exhibition in London by Bluebell Nursery. They sent us their first propagation with the only caveat that it be named after it's discoverer ... and here it is. Though requiring the same conditions as the species -- sun to part shade with regular garden water and protection from drying winds -- this garden seedling, now about 8 ft in our garden, is, luckily, from hardy stock and, so far undamaged by a windy 20F. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Winteraceae $17 4D
Drimys winteri var. andina
Oooh! The smallest of the D. winteri complex (and one does develop a complex trying to decipher the different subspecies), This collection from southern Chile at snowy elevations develops into a 4-5 ft shrub with 3", nearly succulent leaves with reflective powder blue undersides. Creamy white flowers, 3/4", with the fragrance of honey arrive in clusters, appearing always in spring but in Portland also sporadically throughout the year. These prefer a little overhead protection or dappled shade in hot climates or full sun along the cool coast. Tricky in the US Southeast. The frost hardiest of the forms, to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Winteraceae $14 4D
Drimys winteri var. chilensischilean winter bark
Gorgeous aromatic tree from Mexico, Chile and Argentina, with lance-shaped, lustrous leaves, green above and a stunning pale blue-white beneath. Smaller than the species, reaching 10-15 ft, rarely to 25 ft. Flowers are fragrant, creamy white, in umbels of up to 20 blossoms, in spring to early summer. Plant in sun to part sun with shelter from wind and provide regular moisture. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zones 8.
Winteraceae $14 4D
Drimys winteri var. chilensis - silver-leaved clone
chilean winter bark
Another delicious form of this gorgeous aromatic tree from Mexico, Chile and Argentina, this clone with stunningly white undersides on the otherwise typical, lance-shaped, lustrous green leaves. Very unusual and striking. Smaller than the species, as are others in the variety chilensis, reaching 10-15 ft, rarely to 25 ft. Flowers are fragrant, creamy white, in umbels of up to 20 blossoms, in spring to early summer. Plant in sun to part sun with shelter from wind, provide regular moisture, and sit back to enjoy. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zones 8.
Winteraceae $14 3D
mexican male fern
Handsome, vase-shaped fern found in Mexico's high, alpine forests, in clumps to 4 ft tall and wide that produce sturdy, upright fronds throughout the growing season, an unusual habit in this genus. Prefers a sheltered location in part to full shade, and rich, hummusy soil with consistent moisture for best appearance. Cutting back old fronds in late winter allows for a fresh new appearance in spring. Evergreen in warmer zones and frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Dryopteridaceae $11 4in
One of the longest in cultivation, this species, native to northern and coastal, low mountain Baja, is seemingly the most long-lived (read "tenacious") in horticulture. Narrow, quill-like leaves form 3-4" rosettes multiplying to clumps of 18" or more. Late spring flowers are white on numerous spikes. Easy container specimens; frost hardy only to about 20F, USDA zone 9. Accustomed to being completely dry in summer and growing in winter. Treat like an aeonium providing cool, bright conditions protected from hard frost.
Crassulaceae $9 2in
Dudleya cymosa - Downieville, CA
From a genus found west of the mountains from Baja to Oregon from 500 to 8000 ft., this attractive "liveforever", collected at nearly 7000 ft in California's upper Yuba Canyon, has rosettes to 5" of purple-gray leaves and, in spring, particularly large reddish flowers atop tall, red stems. Wonderful rock garden plant or pot specimen for VERY well-drained soil, a bit of summer water, and dry winters. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, lower if kept winter dry, e.g. in a moveable pot.
Crassulaceae $9 4D
Dudleya cymosa - San Luis Obispo, CAcanyon live-forever
Another attractive "liveforever", this, collected by plantsman Tim Hannis in San Luis Obispo, California, has particularly large rosettes with rather shiny, purple tinted leaves and cream to very pale orange flowers. As with others, a wonderful rock garden plant or pot specimen for VERY well-drained soil, a bit of summer water, and dry winters. Though has survived in Tim Hannis' Salt Lake City, Utah garden, we still recommend USDA zone 8 for those of us less able to work such miracles.
Crassulaceae $9 4D
Dudleya cymosa ssp. paniculata - Pacheco Pass, CAcanyon live-forever
Another in the charming genus of "liveforevers", this California endemic has rosettes of powder-blue, dusted leaves and branched flowers stalks of button-like buds opening to light yellow flowers. Prefers gritty soil that drains well in a sunny location with protection from summer water especially in warm weather. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, but should be protected from sudden freezes.
Crassulaceae $9 4D
Dudleya cymosa ssp. pumila low canyon liveforever
From central California this collection from plantsman Tim Hannis represents a diminutive form of the species from sterile sites, each rosette looking like a silver-gray button about 3" in width. Creamy yellow flowers, sometimes orange-tinted, appear in spring through early summer. Best if kept summer dry or in a cool place with well-drained soil. Does well in cool coastal climates. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 8.
Crassulaceae $9 2D
Dudleya lanceolatalanceleaf live-forever
Known as lanceleaf liveforever, this collection from Tim Hannis, taken in the California's San Bernadino Mountains at over 3500 ft, has succulent, narrow and pointed, blue-green leaves and appears in colonies of powder-blue starfish in gravelly spots and outcrops. In summer, clusters of yellow to red flowers appear on stalks to 2 ft tall. Adaptable to various soils but requires good drainage. Accepts droughty conditions as well as abundant water and sun to part shade. So far has been frost hardy to close to 0F, USDA zone 7, with superb drainage and dry summers.
Crassulaceae $9 2D
Dudleya sp. var. nova - Santa Clara County, CA
From a pinch of seed given us by Tim Hannis this yet to be described creature has 5-6" rosettes of very green, succulent leaves and panicles of light yellow flowers from late spring to early summer. We'll leave it to the experts to decide what exactly makes it different from the others but horticulturally it's a pretty thing. Care is the same as for most others; if you don't happen to have a small cliff, then well-drained, mineral rich soil in rock garden wall or container. Avoid watering in summer especially when hot and if in containers make sure the soil is evenly moist during the winter months with bright light. Cold hardy for brief periods in upper USDA zone 8.
Crassulaceae $9 4D
Dyckia 'Naked Lady'
Named for the lack of spines along the leaves, this cross between D. encholirioides x D. brevifolia is a terrestrial bromeliad with sharp-tipped, shiny green, strap-like leaves arranged in rosettes to 1 ft tall and 2 ft wide. Forms colonies rather quickly. In spring, bright orange flowers appear on tall stems. Part sun to bright shade is best with moderate water. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9. Happy in containers where temperatures drop lower.
Bromeliaceae $12 6in
Dyckia 'Red Devil'red-leafed dyckia
This, one of the most colorful Dyckia in our collection and a probable hybrid between D. platyphylla and D. leptostachya, grows to 10-15" high and 18" or so wide in reasonable time with elegantly spined rosettes of deep olive green, burnished intense red, more so with more light. Spring and summer flowers are of burnt orange atop 2 ft stalks. One surprise is the reported frost hardiness, with some testimonials to 8F though we'd be a bit skittish there; we're more confident in the mid teens briefly, mid USDA zone 8, probably colder if dry. Fine container plant, a bit slow growing and offsetting so will remain within bounds for some time.
Bromeliaceae $16 4in
This Brazilian native succulent, to 1 ft tall and wide, has blushed red leaves and is often used in hybridizing to add color to new cultivars. Summer flowers are orange on 3 ft spikes standing above the rosette of foliage. Needs sun in lean and well-drained soil with only occasional summer water. Frost hardy to the upper teens F, USDA zone 8b.
Bromeliaceae $9 3D
Echeveria 'Doris Taylor'
A beautiful little cross between Echeveria setosa and E. pulvinata with 6" rosettes of foliage covered with fuzzy white hairs. Very nice, especially when spikes of large orange, bell-shaped flowers appear. Well-drained soil and careful watering is best in full sun to light shade. Frost hardy only into the low twenties F or so, USDA zone 9, but lower if kept dry in winter.
Crassulaceae $11 3D
Echeveria 'Fleur d'Or'
Medium green rosettes of shiny, closely held leaves hug the ground, reaching only 4" tall but offsetting more quickly than some, producing lots of pups. Flowers are orangey. E. agavoides is a very possible parent of this sweet succulent. Full sun to light shade is best in well-drained soil with careful watering. Frost hardy only into the low twenties F or so, USDA zone 9, but lower if kept dry.
Crassulaceae $12 4in
A cold hardy echeveria!! at least to 15-20F, upper USDA zone 8, but that means it came through the 2009 winter without damage and in a pot. Not bad. Pretty too, the rosettes formed with lavender-tinted leaves to 4" across. Well-drained soil with careful summer water, avoiding sogginess. Can come indoors for the winter in order to remain dry or stay on a porch or under an overhang. Enjoy.
Crassulaceae $9 4in
Echeveria 'Perle von Nuremberg'
Wonderful relative of hens & chicks with rounded leaves, pink and blue blushed with a powdery white dusting, in rosette form to 6-8" and slowly clumping. Flowers are deep pink on the outside and yellow inside, born on foot long reddish stems. At least occasional moisture is required and good drainage, especially for winter survival. And, for best color, bright light indoors or out. Frost hardy in USDA zone 9, to about 20F. A superb pot plant!
Crassulaceae $12 4in
Echeveria 'Topsy Turvy'
A plant with a sense of humor, this fasciated sport has cupped and undulated blue leaves on small rosettes, under about 6", with pink to salmon flowers in spring and summer. Prefers mineral soil. A great plant for dish gardens, containers, or planting out where temperatures fall to 20F, USDA zone 9. Fun for the whole family.
Crassulaceae $9 4D
Echeveria multicaulis 'Copper Roses'
Easy echeveria species with small rosettes of fleshy green leaves with red on the edges, the color increasing in bright light and cold weather. Flowers are also particularly lovely -- red with yellow orange. Like all echeverias, these must have lean soil and very good drainage to avoid root rot. Water infrequently when the soil has dried (before the soil shrinks from the pot edges). Frost hardy to 25F, mid USDA zone 9 so best in containers that can be protected in winter.
Crassulaceae $9 4D
easter lily cactus
Fast-growing, round little cactus, quickly offsetting to form large, handsome clumps that produce beautiful, trumpet-shaped, fragrant flowers on long, tubular stems, flowers that open at night and last only one day. Blooms from late spring through summer in colors from white tinted pink to lavender-pink. Thrives in sun to half-shade in porous and lean, well-drained soil with judicious summer water. Frost hardy to 15F, mid USDA zone 8 if kept dry in winter. Otherwise a successful indoor plant in good light.
Cactaceae $12 4in
Elaeagnus pungens 'Clemson Variegated'silverthorn
Variegated olive relative, this with striking center markings of yellow and gold on dark green foliage ... or perhaps better described as yellow and gold foliage with a narrow, dark green margin. By either description a striking evergreen shrub, over time to 10 ft tall x 10 ft wide, with fragrant, white to cream flowers in the fall. Enjoys well-drained soil and average summer water. Plant in sun, where it holds its color very well, or part shade. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Elaeagnaceae $14 4in
Elaeagnus pungens 'Hosoba-fukurin'silverberry
This shrub is as durable in the landscape as it is handsome with narrow, creamy yellow margins that set off the small, shiny green leaves on thorny branches. Evergreen, growing rapidly to at least 5 ft tall or so and nearly as wide with a somewhat lax and spreading habit. Autumn flowers are white and intensely fragrant, attracting passersby. Sun or half sun and regular summer water, though tolerant of some summer drought. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Elaeagnaceae $14 4D
Epimedium grandiflorum 'Dark Beauty'
Gorgeous little barrenwort, selected by Harold Epstein for the chocolate-purple, spring foliage that forms a perfect backdrop for the large, late spring flowers of purple and white. Foliage turns green through the summer. To 8-12" tall and wide in part sun to dappled shade. Drought tolerant once established but accepts summer water. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4. Said to be deer resistant!
Berberidaceae $15 4D
Stunning and rare epimedium found only in China's Wushan mountains, with long, to 10", and narrow, deeply veined leaves with distinct spines along the edges and red new growth fading to bronze before turning a lush green. Spring flowers are pale yellow and densely held above the foliage on stems to 2 ft tall. Part sun or light shade is best with regular summer water. Frost hardy to at least -20F, USDA zone 5 and expected to tolerate colder temperatures. Also said to be deer resistant.
Berberidaceae $22 4D
Native to Chile, this broadleaved evergreen shrub or small tree grows slowly, reaching 12-15 ft tall and wide -- or perhaps as much as 20-25 ft over a long time. Leaves are handsome, glossy, showy, and abundant, a fine background for the white flowers that appear at the ends of stems in early spring and occasionally though early fall. A delightful small garden tree or hedge in sun for best appearance or dappled shade. Fairly drought tolerant once established but tolerates summer water. This collection was made by plantsman Mike Remmick at the highest altitude where he could find it and has excellent potential into USDA zone 7. Also resprouts from the ground easily if winter damaged.
Escalloniaceae $14 2D
Eucalyptus neglectaomeo gum
By far one of the most desirable gums we can grow in the Northwest. Multi-trunked to 40 ft or so, its foliage has the best Vicks Vap-O-Rub smell around. Huge juvenile leaves on square stems become narrower and longer in adult foliage. Flowers in youth. Good in arrangements. Sun, well-drained soil and little summer water once established. Root hardy to 0F. USDA zone 7, though has been known to suffer leaf burn if not sufficiently hardened off before the harsh winter winds whip.
Myrtaceae $14 3D
Eucomis 'Innocence'pineapple lily
From a South African native. Striking white to pale pink, “pineapple”-like flowers on purple tinted stems show off from August to September above rosettes of long, narrow, “tropical” leaves. Bright light, full sun to part shade with water in spring during growth and protection from excess winter water, perhaps by an overhang. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7; lower with mulch. Can be grown in pots or lifted for the winter.
Liliaceae $11 4in
Eucomis 'Reuben'pineapple lily
From South Africa by way of New Zealand, this cultivar has upright, green leaves to 18” tall and stalks of pineapple-like flowers, these with dark, red-purple buds opening to mauve-pink flowers. Handsome and a good cut flowers. Full sun or part shade in hottest climates and water in the spring and summer growing season with relief from winter moisture – very well-drained soil or overhead protection. Best left undisturbed for a long and fruitful life. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7, and possibly lower; mulch for extra protection.
Liliaceae $11 4in
Eucomis autumalis - dark leaved form
Succulent bulbs from South Africa that produce long, fluted, fleshy leaves, in this form emerging purple in spring and maturing to olive-green edged in purple. Flowers are the typical "pineapple-on-a-stick" -- clusters of white flowers on a spike topped with a few leaves. Tolerates poor drainage and appreciates summer moisture in full to half sun. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7, possible zone 5/6 with mulch.
Asparagaceae $12 4in
From the South African Drakensberg Mountains, these succulent bulbs produce fluted, bright green leaves edged purple in summer, and clusters of flowers late in the season that, from a distance, do appear much like a pineapple-on-a-stick. Tolerant of poor drainage but would appreciate summer moisture. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7 and possibly zone 5/6 with mulch.
Asparagaceae $9 2in
Perennial bulbs from South Africa, the flowers resembling a pineapple just as the common name suggests. The leaves are a bit tropical and exotic, upright, light green and strappy, to 2.5 ft long, appearing in late spring. In late summer they surround a 12" flower stalk of white-blushed-pink, star shaped flowers with a little crown of green bracts at the top, providing more pineapple-ness. Not so choosy about soil as long as its well-drained or protected from winter rains. Average summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Liliaceae $11 4in
Eucomis comosa 'Oakhurst'purple pineapple lily
Dark leaved pineapple lily that holds its reddish purple color late into the season. To 1-3 ft tall, the leaves forming tropical looking clumps, with late summer flowers, pink florets topped with a crown of bracts, atop an 18" flower stalk. Rich, well-drained soil, in any sunny location that does not collect too much water in the winter. Frost hardy into USDA zone 7, colder with mulch. This wonderful plant adds a dramatic punch to the mixed border or potted plant collection.
Asparagaceae $11 4in
Eucomis comosa 'Tugela Ruby'pineapple lily
Upright, somewhat fleshy leaves to 18” tall, colored a deep, dark purple in this cultivar and, in mid summer, saturated pink, fragrant flowers, darkening over time. The flower stalks, looking indeed a bit like pineapples, make very good cut flowers. Full sun or part shade in hottest climates gives the best foliage color. Requires water in the spring and summer growing season and relief from winter moisture – very well-drained soil or overhead protection. This South African native is best left undisturbed for a long and fruitful life. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7; mulch for extra protection.
Liliaceae $11 4in
Eucomis vandermerwei dwarf spotted pineapple lily
A rare pineapple lily and one of the most graceful, this form has prolific rosettes, to 6" tall in clumps to 15" wide, of ruffled leaves tinted purple with darker polka dots and a pinkish flower spike of only 6-8" in height. Native to the Drakensberg Mtns in rocky crevices, they need very good drainage for winter survival. A lovely perennial bulb and easy with summer water anywhere the ground does not freeze deeply, e.g., mid to upper USDA zone 7. Otherwise a very nice container specimen.
Liliaceae $11 4in
Euonymus alatus 'Firecloud'
variegated burning bush
Our name for a most beautiful sport of the well-known, burning bush, with outstanding summer foliage of dark green evenly splashed with cream. Very striking. Smaller than is typical of the species, to 4-5 ft tall, but with the same green-tinged and red winged stems and the glorious purple-red autumn color of the species. Lovely as a small hedge or single specimen in part to full sun with a consistent source of water in dry climates. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5. A grand container specimen.
Celastraceae $18 4D
Euonymus europaeus 'Red Ace'spindle tree
The most expensive plant Exuberant Garden’s Dorothy Rodal ever purchased, having fallen in love with its scarlet seed pods that open to reveal dusky orange seeds -- just as everyone does who sees it. And now we have enough to share. A large, deciduous shrub to small tree, to 8-10 ft tall x 8 ft wide, with 3" leaves that turn a flaming, crimson red in autumn. The flowers in small, yellow-green clusters are not showy but produce the exquisite and abundant fruit that IS showy. Native to Europe and western Asia. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Celastraceae $14 4D
Euonymus fortunei 'Emerald Pagoda'
fortune's spindle, wintercreeper
This fine-textured, broad-leaved evergreen can reach up to 6 ft in height and seldom exceeds 18" in diameter, providing upright punctuation in the garden with leaves closely held against upright stems. Architectural like a small "Italian Cypress" and thrives even in a dappled shade garden. Part sun with regular summer water. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Celastraceae $12 2D
Euonymus fortunei 'Wolong Ghost'silver-veined wintercreeper
Striking and unusual, evergreen vine, the dark green leaves veined in silvery white. Selected by Dan Hinkley from wild collections in China, this euonymous makes a good ground cover or, with age, a self-clinging vine for fence or wall. Sun to deep shade with some summer water. Brightens deep shade, even in a relatively dry spot. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Celastraceae $9 4D
Euonymus myrianthusevergreen spindle tree
Bright yellow-orange fruit that opens to show off red seeds is a striking attraction of this evergreen shrub to small tree. Clusters of pale yellow flowers precede, of course. This native of western China, first introduced by famous plantsman Ernest Wilson, reaches 6 to 8 ft tall, the long, bright green leaves on branches with dark gray, smooth bark are lovely in their own right and provide the perfect background. Full sun to light shade in well-drained soil with average summer moisture. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Celastraceae $14 4D
Euonymus sieboldianus 'Variegatus'spindle tree
The abundant and extravagantly showy clusters of bright pink capsules opening to dark red seeds are the most attractive and attracting feature of the spindle tree, in autumn nearly covering this large, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree. Greenish flowers in June are not so vivid in themselves. In this form, the green 5" leaves are variegated with generous white markings, a standout in summer and again in autumn as they turn to spectacular reds, oranges, and yellows before dropping. Plants usually reach 10-12 ft tall but can go beyond to 15-20 ft. Best in sun to part shade with regular summer water at least to establish. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Celastraceae $14 4D
Euphorbia 'Blue Haze' PPAFmilkwort
Small-scale evergreen spurge, a hybrid between E. nicaeensis and E. sequieriana ssp. niciciana, to only about 18” tall in dense mounds to 2 ft wide. Leaves are blue-green, 1" long and narrow on 2" rosettes; flowers are the typical chartreuse over a long season. Very good knitter or spiller with year-round color. Summer drought tolerant, preferring bright light and good drainage. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Euphorbiaceae $12 3D
This handsome, handsome, handsome, shrubby euphorb’s striking foliage is where its attraction lies. Grows to 5 or so feet high & wide with sweetly scented, greenish yellow blooms. Full sun to part shade with little summer water once established. Evergreen to 18 to 20F, upper USDA zone 8 and resprouts from the base to 10F, zone 8a. Slightly larger, more succulent, and hardier than Euphorbia mellifera.
Euphorbiaceae $11 4D
Euphorbia x pasteurii 'John Phillips'
Striking evergreen euphorbia, a selection of the hybrid between Euphorbia mellifera and E. stygiana, both handsome in themselves. This one was chosen for its vigor, height up to 5-6 ft tall x 8 ft wide, long narrow leaves with a striking white central rig and brown, honey-scented flowers in sharp contrast. Enjoys full sun and well-drained soil. Frost hardy into the upper teens F, uppermost USDA zone 8 so best in a protected spot where temperatures regularly drop below 20F, or kept in container and provided winter protection.
Euphorbiaceae $12 4D
Eurya japonica - blotched
Maybe we botched the name of this very pretty selection of a once more common eurya, shared with us by Ted Stephens from one of his Japanese expeditions where it had no cultivar name. So ... To about 4.5 ft tall with layered branches and green leaves streaked and, well, blotched with cream plus hints of pink adding lightness to any shade garden and standing up well in winter when the contrasting leaf coloration is enhanced. Although we've connected the winter flowers of Eurya japonica with the aroma of burning tires, this selection is rather pleasantly scented -- or maybe we just like variegation. Best in dappled shade to full sun in coastal areas and summer irrigation where dry. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Theaceae $15 4D
Fabiana imbricata f. violacea
false heath, pichi-pichi
This Chilean evergreen shrub looks for all the world like a tall heather, but its tubular lavender flowers give it away as a tomato relation instead, an upright, multistemmed shrub, to 4-6 ft with tiny, needle-like leaves ranged along the stem. Unusual especially when covered with tiny, lavender tubes. Summer blooming in full to part sun with normal water. Cold hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Solanaceae $12 4in
Fascicularia pitcairnifolia - UCBG
Terrestrial bromeliad from southern Chile and adjacent Argentina, this clone from the University of California Botanical Garden, forming rosettes, to 18”, flowering in the third year or so, the sky-blue blossoms surrounded by burgundy leaves! Cool conditions though drought tolerant in some shade. Frost hardy to 10 to 15F, USDA zone 8; plants have recovered from 0F, zone 7.
Bromeliaceae $16 4D
Faucaria sp. - gray leaf form
Odd succulent from South Africa with stemless leaves -- fat, succulent, toothed, and evergreen leaves -- and yellow daisy-like flowers. To only 4" tall and spreading to 1 ft wide in sun and lean well-drained soil. Tolerant of dry conditions but also accepting of some summer water. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9. Otherwise, good in pots travelling indoors in cold weather.
Aizoaceae $8 4D
Ficus afghanistanica 'Silver Lyre'
A Cistus introduction...yet another hardy fig. We wonder where it's been all our lives. Native from Northern India to western Iran and Afghanistan and a delicacy there with its small, dark, very sweet fruit. We have selected this form from seed for its entrancing, filigreed, silver-green leaves of about 5-7". So far, ours have been for external use only as we have not tasted the fruit. Eventually might reach 15-20 ft in height; can easily be kept smaller with pruning. Sun to part shade. Very drought tolerant once established. Frost hardy to the upper edge of USDA zone 7 so far.
Moraceae $16 4D
Ficus carica 'Sticky Fingers'sticky kadota fig
Our own selection found as a seedling during a walk along a drainage ditch in Fresno, CA -- keeping our promise to bring you plants from the most exotic corners of the world. The shiny leaves are lobed so as to look like the fingers of ET -- both elegant and silly, depending on the view. We have not yet tasted the figs as the Scrub Jays beat us to them this year. But with or without the fruit, this fig, eventually from 10-15 ft, makes an intriguing specimen or component of the tropical garden. Great container plant. Full sun to part shade; very drought tolerant. Fully frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8; a freeze-back shrub in upper zone 6 and 7.
Moraceae $16 4D
Ficus carica x pumila 'Ruth Bancroft'
Vining shrub seldom exceeding 4-6 ft in height, that clamors through deciduous shrubs & against walls. This cultivar, found in Ruth Bancroft's garden, has the same mitten-shaped leaves, to 3-4", but more gracefully lobed. Fegs are tiny, to only 1 cm. For sun to shade in damp or drought though average summer water is best. Essentially evergreen, but deciduous below 15 to 18F, mid USDA zone 8, and freeze-back at 10 to 15F. Resprouts from upper USDA zone 7.
Moraceae $12 4D
Ficus heterophylla DJHC
climbing stream fig
Though we have several ficus collections under this name, this one, by Dan Hinkley, is my favorite thus far. A shrub, to about 6 ft, with intriguing, narrow leaves flushed orange, red, and green. A most unusual garden texture for full sun to about half shade. Ours lost their leaves but remained unharmed at our below 20F freeze in December 08. Most years, however, it has remained evergreen. Looks to be ultimately frost hardy to about 10F, the bottom of USDA zone 8, and probably lower with mulch.
Moraceae $16 2D
Ficus sarmentosa var. nipponica
This cousin of the more common F. pumila, slightly tougher and a bit slower growing, has leathery pointed leaves of about 2-3” and the climbing, clinging, grasping, scraping, prying habits that we all desire… We have ours climbing the trunk of a trachycarpus palm, making a lovely green column. Shade or sun and occasional summer water for more vigorous growth. The best news: it has survived 0F, USDA zone 7, with little damage, though we still suggest mulching, at least where possible, when the next arctic express arrives.
Moraceae $12 4in
formosan creeping fig
Essentially appearing as a much smaller version of the more common F. pumila, the creeping fig, this small creature has shiny, rounded leaves of only a 1/3“ or so and creates a slow-growing vine or groundcover. Loves dappled shade to full sun and summer water where dry though established plants are quite drought tolerant. Frost hardy to 10 to 12 F, USDA zone 8, a little colder with protection. Very good container plant.
Moraceae $14 4D
Fokienia hodginsii DJHC 182
Rare native of China and Vietnam, this form collected by Dan Hinkley, a tree to 75 to 100 ft tall or so in its native habitat, in cultivation reaching 25 ft in a reasonable amount of time. This member of the cypress family has lovely sprays of red-tinted foliage, often silvery underneath. A pretty addition to any moist situation with carefully drainage in dappled light to full sun. Not to be missed. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Cupressaceae $16 4D
Forsythia suspensa ssp. sieboldii
Another lovely plant in a genus we didn't think we really liked. Shared with us by Marshall Olbrich of Western Hills fame, this diminutive species remains under 2 ft with a pendulous, weeping habit. They have under 1", narrow leaves and produce a lighter-than-usual yellow flower in great abundance anywhere from January through March. Ranks almost with Jasminum nudiflorum in suitability for spilling over walls or placement on banks. Sun to dappled shade. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6; zone 5 with protection. (Also known as Forsythia suspensa.)
Oleaceae $12 3D
Fothergilla x intermedia 'Blue Shadow'
A lovely, deciduous, witch hazel relative with elegant blue, blue, blue leaves, that are rounded and, yes, blue! except in autumn when they put on a display of purple-orange-red. In April and May, fragrant, frilly bottle-brushy white flowers decorate the branch tips just as the leaves are returning. A slow growing shrub discovered as a sport of Fothergilla 'Mount Airy'. To 5 ft tall x 3 ft wide, in full sun where water is plentiful to part shade with consistent moisture. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Hamamelidaceae $15 3D
Fuchsia 'White Knight's Cheeky'hardy fuchsia
Exciting, small-leaved fuchsia with small purple-pink flowers beginning in early summer and continuing into fall. The foliage is dark green infused with a purplish bronzy cast that fades to dark green. To only 3 ft tall or so and 2 ft wide. Fine in sun to part shade in rich, well-draining soil with regular summer moisture. For extra winter protection, plant with the crown just below ground. Frost hardy in low to mid USDA zone 8.
Onagraceae $11 3D
Fuchsia magellanica 'David Palmer'
Shared with us by Portland plantsman, David Palmer, and named for the same. This southern Chilean collection of a hummingbird's wildest fantasy with 1-2" deep cerise sepals and black-red falls has several unusual characteristics for a species long grow in in Britain and in the western US. It's high elevation provenance has allowed it to remain evergreen or nearly so through our coldest, once-in-several-decades winter, growing into a 12 ft most attractive miniature tree. Our plant is now about 10 ft with the prettiest of golden flaking bark, actually rivaling the beauty of the flowers. A least partially deciduous in the low 20sF. Happy in full sun in cooler summer climates. A bit of dappled shade elsewhere. A very good pot standard. Even moisture and fertility will keep it flowering for long periods. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Onagraceae $14 4in
Fuchsia procumbenscreeping fuchsia
One of only two species from New Zealand, this beach dweller grows only a few inches in height but behaves as a ground cover. The stems are wiry with round 3/8" leaves and, in true New Zealand style, the flowers are weird, under 1/2" and green infused with blue, yellow, and orange. Attractive, purple-black fruit follows late in the season. A great spiller for containers or amid bold leaved plants in the semi-shaded perennial garden. Even moisture. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Onagraceae $9 4in
Gardenia 'Lasting Beauty'
Lovely small double flowered gardenia, selected for its long-lasting, creamy white flowers that stand out against the medium green, slightly toothed leaves. These evergreen shrubs are compact, to only 3 ft tall in full to half sun with regular garden water. Acid soil and supplemental iron improves performance. A reliable bloomer and reliably frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Rubiaceae $14 4D
Gardenia jasminoides 'Chuck Hayes' PP8755hardy double gardenia, cape jasmine
Tough, hardy, and lovely gardenia for USDA zone 7, down to 0F, really! Wonderfully fragrant, double white flowers in June and July, and occasionally in autumn when temperatures cool down. Compact evergreen shrub, to 3 ft, blooms in full to half sun with normal garden water. Developed by the late Chuck Hayes and Dan Milbocker at the Virginia Beach Research Station, VA.
Rubiaceae $14 4D
Gardenia jasminoides 'Cream Picotee'
A Cistus introduction. Lovely, variegated gardenia, with smallish, shiny, green leaves that are both streaked and spotted creamy whites ... in an attractive way. This compact, evergreen shrub, to only 3-4 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide, is vigorous to boot with large, semi-double flowers that rather resemble its relative, G. jasminoides 'Chuck Hayes'. As with other gardenias, sun except in the hottest places where part shade is preferred, rich soil, and regular summer water as well as generous offerings of nutrients and iron. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Rubiaceae $15 3D
Gardenia jasminoides 'Frost Proof'hardy double gardenia, cape jasmine
The “more” gardenia -- more tough, more cold tolerant and sun tolerant, more adaptable, and said to be more deer resistant -- not to mention beautiful! Double white flowers are extremely fragrant and profuse, continuing over a long season beginning in spring. They can even take a bit of spring frost without dropping. Evergreen, to 2-3 ft tall and a bit wider, and happy in full sun to part sun with summer water where dry. Definitely frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, and expected well into the upper reaches of zone 7.
Rubiaceae $15 3D
Gardenia jasminoides 'Rosedown Beauty'
hardy gardenia, cape jasmine
One of an increasing number of garden tough forms, G. augusta ‘Rosedown Beauty’ quickly grows to a 4-5 ft, compact, rounded shrub, evergreen, with upturned leaves and a free flowering habit. The semi-double flowers occur throughout the summer season. Best in a sunny situation or dappled shade in the hottest parts of the world. Water in summer in dry climates. Has not been as fussy as some others about nutrients, but, as with all gardenias, benefits from generous amounts of nitrogen and iron. Frost hardy in mid to upper USDA zone 7.
Rubiaceae $14 2D
Geum quellyon 'Eos'avens
Honoring the Goddess of Dawn, this sweet perennial is named for the orange flowers that vibrate against the golden foliage. A bright spot in any garden, forming a compact mound to only 6" tall x 12" wide and flowering throughout the season, especially if deadheaded regularly. For sun to part shade in rich soil with regular summer water for best performance. Frost hardy to -20, USDA zone 5.
Rosaceae $11 4D
Ginkgo biloba 'Weeping Wonder'
dwarf maidenhair tree
Strange and wonderful new ginkgo introduction, a dwarf tree growing only 6-10 inches per years into tiny upright tree, eventually 4-5 ft tall with side branches that are horizontal to weeping. Adding to the interesting texture, the foliage is somewhat twisty and pale to dark green in summer, depending on the light, turning typical ginkgo yellow in the fall. Occasional trimming maintains good shape and form. Enjoys sun to part shade with regular summer water. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Ginkgoaceae $22 6in
Gladiolus 'Boone'boone hardy gladiolus
Apricot-peach-orange flowers with yellow and red markings in the throat held on narrow, 4 ft stalks -- what's not to love? -- open in early summer on this gladiolus of mysterious. Discovered at an abandoned homestead in mountainous Boone, NC, by Jeff Owens, a county extension agent, and studied by several plantsmen, this amazing glad made its way to market with its origins still unknown. Happy in full sun, multiplying and seeding itself to provide lots of plants to share. Frost hardy to at least -10F, USDA zone 6, with many claims of easy survival in zone 5.
Iridaceae $9 4D
Graptopetalum paraguayensemother of pearl plant
Surprisingly tough, silvery purple succulent from the mountains of Paraguay (just as one might guess), with rosettes to 6" across. Very attractive spilling over pots or planters. Quite drought tolerant, but grows quickly with summer moisture. Full sun to part shade. This clone has been hardy for many years in Portland and can be planted out where temperatures seldom drop below 15F, mid USDA zone 8.
Crassulaceae $12 2D
Grevillea 'Pink Pearl'
Another wonderful grevillea, this also an evergreen shrub, to 4 ft tall and a bit wider, with needle-like foliage and saturated pink flowers all year long but particularly in winter and early spring. Best in full sun in well-drained soil with little or no summer water once established. As with all proteas, avoid fertilizers with phosphorous. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Proteaceae $14 2D
Grevillea 'Poorinda Leane'
One of the Poorinda hybrids, thought to be a cross between G. juniperina and a yellow G. victoriae. An evergreen shrub, up to 8-10 ft tall and wide, with long leaves, dark green above and silvery on the undersides, and clusters of soft, frilly, yellow to apricot flowers in late winter through spring and occasionally throughout the year. Best in sun and lean, well-drained soil, with little water once established. Can be shaped in mid summer for best appearance. Frost hardy into the low teens F, USDA zone 8.
Proteaceae $16 2D
Grevillea olivaceaolive-leaf grevillea
Wonderful protea family shrubs, one of the top constituents in our repertoire. To only about 3 ft tall x 4 ft wide, the 2-3”leaves, indeed olive-like and dusky green, are complimented by profuse cream to saffron flowers from fall to spring. Striking planted where they can spill over walls or embankments with other spillers such as Rosemary. Like all proteas be very careful with the fertilizer...in other words, don’t. For well-drained soil in USDA zones 8b or above.
Proteaceae $14 4D
Griselinia littoralis 'Bantry Bay'broadleaf kapuka
Lovely and unusual evergreen shrub, to 10 ft tall by 6-7 ft wide, with shiny, leathery variegated leaves -- green with a large, creamy white central splash -- and a dense, upright habit. Easily pruned to shape as a striking specimen or dense hedge. Spring flowers are yellow-green but hardly noticeable though they produce purple berries in autumn. A good coastal plant, tolerating sun and wind. Enjoys part shade inland and rich soil with regular summer water everywhere. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Griseliniaceae $12 3D
Griselinia littoralis UCSC 83-109
This handsome, evergreen, beach shrub, a New Zealand native, grows quickly to 5 ft tall and eventually to 10 ft or so with rounded, leathery leaves and, in spring, inconspicuous white flowers. Good as a single specimen or as a dense hedge in full sun to light shade plus well-drained soil and average summer water. This form, from the collection of t he University of California at Santa Cruz is frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Griseliniaceae $12 3D